She Figures 2015 investigates the level of progress made towards gender equality in research & innovation (R&I) in Europe. It is the main source of pan – European, comparable statistics on the representation of women and men amongst PhD graduates, researchers and academic decision-makers. The data also sheds light on differences in the experiences of women and men working in research – such as relative pay, working conditions and success in obtaining research funds. It also presents for the first time the situation of women and men in scientific publication and inventorships, as well as the inclusion of the gender dimension in scientific articles.
This publication is the fifth edition of the She Figures, which has been updated and released every three years since 2003. Despite progress, She Figures 2015 reveals that a range of gender differences and inequalities persist in research & innovation, as explained below.